Women in History: Shaping Estate Planning and Inheritance

1953: First class of women to graduate from Harvard Law School
1953: First class of women to graduate from Harvard Law School

In the intricate tapestry of history, women have played multifaceted roles that have often been underrepresented or overlooked. One critical aspect where their influence is profound yet not always acknowledged is in estate planning and inheritance. Throughout various epochs, women have navigated legal, societal, and cultural barriers to secure their legacies and assert their rights within the realm of estate planning. Their journeys offer a compelling narrative of resilience, advocacy, and transformation.

Ancient Foundations

In ancient civilizations, women’s roles in estate planning were heavily influenced by prevailing societal norms and legal frameworks. In societies like Ancient Egypt, women could inherit property and even hold positions of power, although often within prescribed limits. In contrast, ancient Greece and Rome often restricted women’s property rights, relegating them to subordinate positions within familial structures.

Medieval Europe

During the Middle Ages, feudal customs and patriarchal traditions profoundly shaped inheritance practices in Europe. Primogeniture, the custom where the eldest son inherits the entirety of his father’s estate, was prevalent and reinforced male dominance in property distribution. Despite these constraints, women of noble birth sometimes wielded considerable influence behind the scenes, strategically maneuvering within the confines of the system to safeguard family assets and ensure their children’s futures.

Early Modern Period

The Early Modern period witnessed incremental changes in inheritance laws and societal attitudes toward women’s property rights. The emergence of mercantile economies and the rise of the bourgeoisie facilitated opportunities for women to engage in commerce and amass wealth independently. Yet, legal statutes often remained biased against women, favoring male heirs and restricting women’s control over their assets.

Suffrage and Beyond

The advent of the suffrage movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries marked a watershed moment in the struggle for women’s rights, including property ownership and inheritance. Pioneering figures like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony tirelessly advocated for legal reforms that would grant women equal rights in matters of inheritance and estate planning. Their efforts paved the way for legislative changes that gradually dismantled discriminatory practices and recognized women as rightful heirs and property owners.

Contemporary Perspectives

In contemporary society, women continue to confront challenges and disparities in estate planning and inheritance, albeit within a more egalitarian legal framework. Despite advancements in gender equality, systemic barriers persist, including wage gaps, cultural biases, and institutionalized sexism. Women from diverse backgrounds navigate these obstacles with resilience and determination, leveraging estate planning strategies to safeguard their assets and empower future generations.

The narrative of women in history is intricately woven into the fabric of estate planning and inheritance. From ancient civilizations to modern societies, women have defied convention, challenged norms, and asserted their rights in the pursuit of financial autonomy and generational prosperity. Their stories serve as a testament to the enduring legacy of resilience and empowerment, inspiring future generations to uphold principles of equity and justice in matters of inheritance and estate planning.

In commemorating the contributions of women to the evolution of estate planning, it is imperative to recognize their enduring impact and advocate for policies that promote gender equality and financial empowerment for all. As we reflect on their journeys, we are reminded of the transformative power of advocacy, solidarity, and the enduring quest for justice in shaping a more inclusive and equitable society.


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Attorney Samantha Gordon is the managing attorney in our Uptown Charlotte, NC office. Samantha is committed to empowering her clients with the knowledge and tools they need to make informed decisions about their future and the future of their loved ones.

In addition to her legal work, Samantha is a dedicated member of several organizations and her community. She is the proud dog-mom of three.


Women & Wealth: Securing Your Legacy

Samantha Gordon has written a women’s guide to estate planning. Check out ‘Women & Wealth: Securing Your Legacy’ for FREE!

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Greg McIntyre, JD, MBA

Meet Greg McIntyre

Greg McIntyre, founder of McIntyre Elder Law, is more than just an attorney. As a Navy Veteran, father to six kids, and a loving husband, he values family deeply. This drives his commitment to helping clients safeguard their futures and pass down legacies.

Greg has a passion to help people. Beyond just legal advice, he loves having conversations and strives to build a long-term relationship with every clients that comes through his door.

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